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Debre Berhane Selassie

Debre Berhan Selassie an easy stroll 2km northeast of town. Despite its walls hosting the nation’s most vibrant ecclesiastical artwork, it’s the ceiling that captures most visitors’ imaginations. Think of Mona Lisa’s smile and multiply it 104 times!

Debre Berhane Selassie Debre Berhane Selassie

www.afewerktekle.com

A Dedicated Website for The World Most Honorable Maitre Artiste World Laureate IOM.CH Afewerk Tekle will be launched by StudioNet as part of its social responsibility program.

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Erta Ale, the living Shield Volcano

Erta Ale is a very remote and rarely visited shield volcano in the Afar region of East Africa.

Erta Ale, the living Shield Volcano Erta Ale, the living Shield Volcano

Mulatu Astatke

The Father of Ethio Jazz: Mulatu Astatke

Mulatu Astatke Mulatu Astatke

Churches in Ethiopia

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Churches in Ethiopia Churches in Ethiopia

Kay Kabaro: Simien jackal

The Ethiopian wolf is the rarest canid in the world (Sillero 2001), and is one of the world's rarest mammals.

Kay Kabaro: Simien jackal Kay Kabaro: Simien jackal

Beautiful Scenery of Ethiopia

Awasa , southern Ethiopia’s largest city, is 100km further south and sits on the shores of attractive Lake Awasa. With plenty of facilities, a great fish market and row boats to boot, Awasa is a great place to stop.  

Beautiful Scenery of Ethiopia Beautiful Scenery of Ethiopia

Gonder: Medieval castles of Ethiopia

The Center of Ethiopian art and culture Gondar, founded by Emperor Fasilidas around 1635, is famous for its many medieval castles and the design and decoration of its churches.

Gonder: Medieval castles of Ethiopia Gonder: Medieval castles of Ethiopia

Sof Omar Caves

 

At 15.1 km (9.5 miles) long, Sof Omar Cave is the longest cave in Ethiopia; one source claims they are the largest system of caves in Africa. It is situated in the Bale province in southeastern Ethiopia (6°55′N, 40°45′E) through which the Web River flows. It sinks at the Ayiew Maco entrance and reappears at the Holuca resurgence 1 km away. Long a religious centre, it is sacred both to local traditional religions and to Islam. The caves are known for their many pillars, particularly in the "Chamber of Columns".

History of exploration

According to tradition Sof Omar was the name of a Muslim holy man who lived in the area and Ayiew the name of his daughter. Maco and Holuca are local names for "name" and "cave".

The explorer Arthur Donaldson Smith recorded a visit to the cave in 1897. An Italian expedition also visited in 1913. In 1934, Henri Breuil conducted some archaeological investigations in the area. The Italians almost certainly visited the cave during the occupation years, but apparently none of these early explorers made a through trip from Ayiew Maco to Holuca.

In 1967, Eric Robson, Chris Clapham and Kabir Ahmed explored and surveyed the cave recording 8 km of passage. Following this the Ethiopian Tourist Board published a brochure about the cave. Although the area was not easily accessible and the “Adventure” Tourist industry did not exist, a few intrepid visitors made the trip to the then remote cave.

In February 1971 Professor Théodore Monod of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in France, Bill Morton (ex Manchester University Speleological Society caver) a geologist at Haile Selassie I University, and Ato Mejmare Hsilemalid recorded another 1 km new passages to the known cave. In the same year Dick Ashford and Malcolm Largen of Haile Selassie University made a study of some of the bats in the cave.

In 1972, the British Expedition to Ethiopia arrived. The team included Dick Ramsden and Tim Renvoize (Preston Caving Club), Simon Amatt (Birmingham Plytechnic Karabiner Club), Dave Catlin (University of Bradford Pothole Club), Paul Ramsden (Whernside Manor Scout Centre), Terry Raynor (9th and 12th Royal Lancers) and Steve Worthington (Sheffield University Speleological Society). With some initial help from Bill Morton the group made a systematic exploration and survey of the cave and published a full report of Sof Omar and the Caves of Ethiopia in the Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain.[8] The team discovered 6.1 km of new passages bringing the survey total to 15.1 km.

Topography

When you reach Sof Omar from Goro the scrubby bush steeply drops 90 m into a canyon. The river Web makes its way from the 4,300 m high Bale Mountains and through a 150 km wide outcrop of Anatole Limestone to the cave. In earlier times the river made a sharp left meander. At some point the cave dissolved a series of phreatic passages, which became big enough to capture the whole flow of the river Web. Eventually the river abandoned the meander creating a dry valley running from the cave sink at Ayiew Maco to the resurgence at Holuca. Sof Omar village is situated close to Ayiew Maco in the dry valley. Infill into the valley makes it rise to a high point of about 45 m above the Web, before it drops away to a pebble beach downstream of Holuca.

The other dominant feature is the large shakehole 100 m wide and 60 m deep. This is found on the basalt plateau directly above the cave.

Cave description

The cave is formed along a network of joints: one set runs approximately north to south and the other east to west. This zig-zag of passages runs in an approximate southeasterly direction. Sof Omar has 42 entrances, but generally only four are useful for gaining entrance:

Two upstream Village Entrances (one to the east and one to the west of the village)

The Tourist Entrance downstream from the Holuca Resurgence – at a point where the abandoned meander forming the dry valley rejoins the Web river

A right bank entrance downstream of Holuca accessing the Deep South part of the Clapham's Climb Series

 

 

People and Places

Axum: World Heritage Site

Aksum The ruins of the ancient city of Aksum are found close to Ethiopia's northern border. They mark the location of the heart of ancient Ethiopia, when the Kingdom of Aksum was the most powerful state between the Eastern Roman Empire and Persia. The massive ruins, dating from between the 1st and...

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Sof Omar Caves

  At 15.1 km (9.5 miles) long, Sof Omar Cave is the longest cave in Ethiopia; one source claims they are the largest system of caves in Africa. It is situated in the Bale province in southeastern Ethiopia (6°55′N, 40°45′E) through which the Web River flows. It sinks at the Ayiew Maco entrance...

More article:
 

Treasures from Ethiopia

  The collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum include a number of Ethiopian objects and images. Many of these are associated with a British military expedition undertaken to Ethiopia (then known as Abyssinia) in 1867-68, which ended with the ransacking of the Ethiopian Emperor's fortress at...

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The mysteries of Imrahana Kirstos

  More than 40 minutes’ drive to cover the 12 kilometres separating Lalibela from a very poor hamlet at the foot of a mountain. Then half an hour of climbing, on a slope with no visible sign of human life… except a group of women returning from the market on the other side of the mountain.

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Semin Mountains National Park

Simien Mountain Massif in Northern Ethiopia, which lies at elevations between about 2,000m and 4,620m, taking in Ras Dashen, the highest peak in Ethiopia, which stands adjacent to the park and the fourth highest in Africa.

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Lake Chamo

Chamo lake has  found in the vicinity of Arbaminch town with  a catchments area of 551 km2 & a maximum depth of 10ms with a length of 26 kms. It lies at 1108m above sea level. It has high productivity of fish including Nile perch. Besides, it is rich in hippos, crocodile and varieties of birds....

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